What Is the Best Way to Filter Well Water


Using water from a Well can be a bit scary. Water filters can help clean drinking water, but what about the Well water your family comes in contact with from showering, brushing their teeth, that can affect your skin and hair that they have to use every day. What is the best way to filter well water? 

With a Whole House Water Filter For Well H2O using:

  • Pre-Filter Sediment Removal 
  • Water Softener
  • Carbon Filter-(kills Bacteria)
  • Pre-micro-sediment
  • Reverse Osmosis-(Dissolved Contaminants to .01 microns in size)
  • Polishing H2O-UV treatment- (kill Virus & Cyst & Coconut fiber)
  • Minerals-added that were stripped

Most private Wells are supplied from groundwater that is not regulated or controlled. Even when the well is properly maintained, the surrounding environment is constantly changing that can leave your home’s water supply vulnerable to contamination and bacteria growth. How can you ensure that the water your family is safe?

 

Whole House Water Filter and Softener Combo For Well Water

The best kind of Water Softener you need is the unit that will reduce minerals that make water hard and soften it by using techniques for removal of the ions that cause the water to be hard, in most cases calcium and magnesium ions. Iron ions may also be removed during the softening treatment process.

In some cases especially when the home is serviced by a Private Water Well, there may be or not be a suspicion of contaminants in the Well. Especially if the Well has been built on an older property.

Most Wells have problems with hardness, where there is a known amount of extra minerals or iron content in the water supply. This is normal and an easy fix. Indications that your well water has hard water issues is Staining in sinks or toilet bowls.

The homeowner’s best way to resolve this water situation may be to treat the Well water right from the source as it comes and enters the house both with the water softener and a water treatment filtration.

This is called a Whole House Water Filtration Treatment with Water Softening treatment. This water treatment combines the two treatment processes together for the best possible water quality coming from your Well supply.

Whole House Sediment Filters For Well Water

The Whole House Water Filtration System that is built for the Well water supply needs a little more treatment than what a normal water treatment filter would give. Well, water could contain contaminants like bacteria which is a common problem with Wells.

Bacteria and other contaminants can be introduced into the Well from groundwater through a combination of reasons like intense rain events, construction, and various surface activities.

A common test for bacteria is the total coliform bacteria test. Aside from the Carbon Block that is typical for removal of bacterial contaminants, other components like Pre and Post filters can be back washed or removed and replaced. All these filters work in tangent and help to clean the system’s water.

RO (Reverse Osmosis) Water filter systems contain pre-sediment filters to catch material that can block the filters and destroy their capability.

Multi filters reduce a large amount of sediment of all sizes from whole house water filters that assist in the process.

Water-borne sand, rust, dirt, and such are caught throughout the layers, and stages of the process and get blown away during backwash or can be manually removed by the Pre-Filters.

Filter media like activated carbon can last several years with proper backwash and manual filter cleaning. No chemical regeneration is required, nothing is imparted into the house water. Whole house filters can remove anything and everything, any size from the point of entry into the house from the well.

Whole House filtering goes the extra step by filtering all incoming potable water that is at risk for contaminants. These filters come in stages with Reverse Osmosis Technology that will remove major health-related elements that make it through your water delivery system down to .01 microns in size.

 

Reverse Osmosis Technology is a system that uses filters. Just like a filter on a swimming pool. The same concept is used except that the filtering is done on a micron-scale which is a very small scale and an added pressure that pushes the water through the small filters trapping small contaminants.

With the use of Pre-Filters, these technical and intricate filtering systems can last for extended periods of time and work more efficiently. You can save a lot of money by keeping the pre-filters clean and working well by setting up a regular maintenance program and keeping the filter clean.

Reverse Osmosis Technology is a system that uses filters. Just like a filter on a swimming pool. The same concept is used except that the filtering is done on a micron-scale which is a very small scale and an added pressure that pushes the water through the small filters trapping small contaminants.

With the use of Pre-Filters, these technical and intricate filtering systems can last for extended periods of time and work more efficiently. You can save a lot of money by keeping the pre-filters clean and working well by setting up a regular maintenance program and keeping the filter clean.

Well Water Filtration System Diagram

 

Multi filters reduce large amounts of sediment of different sizes from the whole house water treatment system.
The filters can use layers of anthracite coal, calcined aluminum silicate, and garnet as media.

Water-borne sand, rust, dirt, and such are caught throughout the layers, get blown away during backwash cycles used as part of the treatment or manually cleaned by the owner. It’s real easy to perform this job and is really important.

Original media like activated carbon sometimes will last several years with proper backwash. There are no chemicals involved. Filters remove material physically.

Whole house filters can remove just about anything and everything from the point of entry into the house. It’s a great concept and each component depends on the other for overall efficiency,

 

UV Water Filtration Systems for Home

Besides RO whole house filters there are other alternative systems like UV. Ultra Violet Treatment has been around for decades in water treatment and works well if the water being treated doesn’t contain particulate matter that can negatively affect the operation.

Wells systems that employ this type of treatment for bacteria removal normally uses Pre-and Post Filters to remove finer particulate matter before the water is treated with Ultraviolet light.

If you decide to go with the UV instead of Carbon Filters or Reverse Osmosis you will still need the Pre-filters along with Post Filters. Higher water pressures may damage equipment and may not allow for proper exposure time with a UV lamp.

The systems are installed so they can be isolated much like all the other components that make up the whole house filtration system. Every component is plumbed so it can be bypassed and replaced if needed.

Ultraviolet or UV energy is found in the electromagnetic spectrum between visible light and x-rays and is described as invisible radiation. In order to kill microorganisms, the UV rays must actually strike the cell.

UV energy penetrates the outer cell membrane, passes through the cell body, and disrupts its DNA stopping the reproduction of cells. UV treatment does not alter water chemically; nothing is being added except energy.

The sterilized microorganisms are not removed from the water. UV disinfection does not remove dissolved organics, inorganics, or particles in the water. By the time the Well water makes it through the system, there aren’t many bacteria leftover with this kind of treatment. The UV is very reliable and has a proven track record to do a great job.

One obstacle for Ultra Violet Light treatment is it is dependent on time and flowrate which is formulated for each light and treatment system. It also is dependent on any particulate such as sand or dirt that may make its way into the UV Stage of treatment.

As you can see in these pictures of Well systems each component is meant to taken offline to clean or swapped. Each component is a stage of treatment that has a job to do. Whole House Filters look complicated but in reality, they are not.

The Activated Carbon Filter needs Pre-filters so they can work more effectively. The UV light also needs to be filtered so it has a better kill rate and is more effective. Sediment Filters will add life and allow the overall efficiency of the system to work much better.

If you swapped the UV light out with a Reverse Osmosis Filter it would do the same work but in a different way. The applications may be completely different and the prices will also be something for the homeowner to investigate.

You could use all the methods together to ensure higher quality. That would also be up to the person installing the system. Reversed Osmosis is becoming hugely popular and inexpensive as the years go by.

Unlike UV which takes nothing chemically from drinking water, the one drawback of RO is the removal of minerals that are stripped away during the process. These minerals are naturally found in water and are healthy.

Wouldn’t you know it, Manufacturers of water treatment systems have come up with a way of using RO and then inserting the minerals back into the drinking water. So this System would add another component. This component would add minerals to the Well water.

Filters physically remove the matter from the Well water. Each of these components except the Water Softener is a filter that uses some filter media that will reduce contaminants by physically removing them or filtering them from the Well water.

If you didn’t use this filter and drank directly from the Well then your body would become the filter and would remove most of the same contaminants and particulates from the Well Water.

Unfortunately, those undesirable chemicals, bacteria, and particulate matter like dirt, rust silt, and other yukky things would stay in your body and after a while make you sick. You are just one big human filter absorbing whatever is in the air or water in the world you live in.

A Whole House Water Filtration System for your Well water will vastly improve the water you are drinking.  The Water Softener added to the stage of treatment will improve that quality even further to make the most important element on earth, water, healthier for you and your family. A great Whole House Water Filtration System built for Well Water and was used in this article is available through MyWaterEarth&Sky and Amazon is Aquasana OptimH2O Whole House Water Filtration System – Included Salt-Free Descaler & UV Filter – Removes 99% Lead, Chlorine & Chloramines – 100,000 Gal.

Check it out!

Related Questions:

How Often Should you change your Setemment Filter on your Whole House System?  It recommends replacing the Sediment Pre-Filter every 3 to 6 months. You can replace this filter sooner if you notice the water flow is slowing down or the watercolor becomes darker.

Do refrigerator water filters really work?  Yes, Refrigerator water filters clear contaminants in the water by forcing the water through activated carbon located inside the filters. They will make water and your ice maker water taste good too.

 

Jim has over 30 years of experience in Water/Wastewater Treatment and the Water Filtration Business in Operations and as a Consultant. He has written over 300 articles on the World-Wide Water Situation.

Jim Galloway

Editor/Author, MyWaterEarth&Sky

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