Ozone Swimming Pool

Over the last decade or so, pool owners have tried to move away from the use of chemicals especially chlorine which has, as many negative effects to using as positive effects on disinfecting swimming pools and spas. One disinfecting process is the use of Ozone in swimming pools in leu of Chlorine. What is an Ozone Swimming Pool?

Ozone Pool Systems are used as a secondary sanitizer reducing the need for harsh chemicals like Chlorine & Bromide, Ozone is an effective oxidizer but only treats pool H2O while passing through the chamber in the filter system, then a small amount of Chlorine is added creating a residual in the pool H2O

Ozone is an effective disinfectant for treating municipal and industrial wastewater, enabling the end user to meet EPA pre-treatment standards. Ozone is effective in treating numerous complex, toxic chemicals.

What is an Ozone Swimming Pool

An ozone swimming pool is a pool that utilizes ozone gas as a primary sanitizer instead of traditional chlorine chemicals. Ozone, a powerful oxidizer, is effective at killing bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants in the water. This alternative sanitization method is favored by some pool owners for its ability to provide clean and clear water with reduced chemical usage and fewer harmful byproducts.

An Ozone system for pools injects Ozone gas into the pool water for disinfection like chlorine.  Ozone Pool Systems are used as a secondary sanitizer reducing the need for harsh chemicals like Chlorine & Bromide.

Ozone is an effective oxidizer with a lot of advantages over other chemicals but only treats pool H2O while passing through the chamber in the filter system, then a small amount of Chlorine is added creating a residual in the pool H2O.

Ozone systems produce ozone through two generator types; Corona Discharge and Ultraviolet light. Some systems use both for the best and most complete disinfection.

Ozone also has very little effect on chlorine, especially the form of Chlorine that kills contaminants called (Hypochlorous acid). Ozone is kept busy dealing with other contaminants in the pool water and by the time it attacks chlorine, the chlorine is in the (Hypochlorite-ion) form which is the less effective form of chlorine with a higher pH called Chloramine. This is another advantage of Ozone Swimming Pools.

This is a non-issue in a well-balanced pool. There is very little if any residual left in the pool after Ozone is pumped into the pool. Unlike chlorine, Ozone won’t be affected by sunlight.

Ozone treatment is used in conjunction with chlorine or salt pools with an 80-90- reduction of those sanitizers so there are cost savings.

Ozone is a very effective disinfection agent and can effectively kill and inactivate bacteria, parasites, and viruses It’s also a good oxidizer, which means that it can destroy contaminants in the water. The advantage of using ozone compared to other swimming pool treatment sanitizers is the fact less expensive, healthier, and eco-

Is an Ozone Pool Better than a Chlorine Pool

Since the 1970’s Ozone has been around and used as a sanitizer for Spas and swimming pools. The way Ozone works is pretty simple science. The Ozone molecule contains 3 Oxygen atoms but it is unstable. It wants to rid itself of the 1 atom so that it becomes stable and once again an Oxygen molecule.

In nature, Ozone is formed by lightning discharges during a thunderstorm, which gives the air its characteristic fresh and sharp smell afterward similar to that of chlorine. Ozone is an effective disinfectant for treating municipal and industrial wastewater, enabling the end user to meet EPA pre-treatment standards. Ozone is effective in treating numerous complex, toxic chemicals.

Ozone has been extensively used for water purification, in the Bottled Water industry, but ozone chemistry in water is not the same as ozone chemistry in air. Ozone is also used in Air Purifiers. An ozone air purifier, or ozone generator, can only remove certain pollutants in the air, not including dust or dander. Nature provides a way, a reaction for the Ozone to shed an atom. This natural reaction is called Oxidation.

In pool water, most contaminants that can make you sick are molecular in size, like viruses and micro-bacteria that are destroyed by the Ozone through Oxidation. Once this happens the Ozone molecule loses an atom and the result is a molecule of Oxygen.

Whether an ozone pool is better than a chlorine pool depends on various factors and individual preferences. Here’s a comparison:

  1. Sanitization Efficiency: Ozone pools can provide effective sanitation by oxidizing contaminants, potentially offering cleaner water compared to chlorine pools.
  2. Chemical Usage: Ozone pools typically require less chlorine or other chemicals for sanitation, reducing chemical usage and potential irritation to swimmers.
  3. Cost: Ozone pool systems may have higher upfront costs for installation and maintenance compared to traditional chlorine systems.
  4. Maintenance: Ozone pool systems require regular maintenance to ensure the proper functioning of ozone generators and filtration systems.
  5. Environmental Impact: Ozone pools may be considered more environmentally friendly due to reduced chemical usage and fewer harmful byproducts.
  6. Odor and Taste: Ozone pools usually have less chlorine odor and taste compared to traditional chlorine pools.
  7. Effectiveness in Hot Climates: Ozone pools may face challenges in hot climates where ozone gas can dissipate more rapidly, requiring additional sanitation measures.

Ultimately, the choice between an ozone pool and a chlorine pool depends on factors such as budget, maintenance preferences, environmental concerns, and personal comfort.

Ozone Layer The oxygen we breathe is made up of 2 oxygen atoms. - ppt download

How is Ozone Generated For a Chlorine Pool

Ozone for a chlorine pool is typically generated using an ozone generator, which converts oxygen (O2) molecules from the air into ozone (O3) molecules. This process often involves passing oxygen through a corona discharge or ultraviolet light, which breaks apart the oxygen molecules and forms ozone. The ozone gas is then injected into the pool water, where it acts as a powerful oxidizer, helping to sanitize the water by destroying bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants.

Ozone can be developed using a UV bulb that emits a certain wavelength that will split the Oxygen molecule creating an Ozone molecule. Or by producing an electrical charge like lightning that would be on a small scale using a process called Corona Discharge (CD). There are more advantages to using CD over the UV process.

  • CD produces more Ozone per unit than UV
  • CD is Durable and much harder to break
  • CD is compact and takes up much less space
  • UV is very easy to manufacture
  • UV requires less precision
  • CD has a hard time working in higher heat and humidity and for this reason, the bulb may need to be replaced every season.

Pool Ozone Water

“Pool ozone water” refers to water that has been treated with ozone in a pool. In this context, “pool ozone water” would describe the water in a swimming pool that has been sanitized using ozone as a primary or supplementary method of treatment. Ozone-treated pool water is known for its effectiveness in killing bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants, resulting in clean and clear water.

This method is often favored for its ability to reduce reliance on traditional chlorine chemicals and their associated odors and irritations.A blue-colored gas composed of three oxygen atoms, Ozone is both a man-made and naturally occurring gas present in the Earth’s upper and lower atmospheres. An oxidizer, Ozone can chemically destroy contaminants present in water, making it a highly effective gas for pool sanitization.

Ultraviolet, Ozone Swimming Pool Systems - Paramount

Pool ozone system diagram:

Unlike typical sanitization products, ozone is applied to the water within the circulation system and returns to the pool of water in a very low concentration.

Ozone can be dangerous in high concentrations, so it must be produced and dissolved in the water quickly. Because Ozone is an unstable gas, it cannot be stored and transported but instead has to be produced on-site using an Ozone generator.

Ozone is a blue-colored gas that’s made up of three oxygen atoms. Ozone is useful in swimming pools because it effectively kills and inactivates bacteria, parasites, and viruses.  Ozone is a good oxidizer, meaning it can chemically destroy contaminants in the water.

Ozone sanitizes your pool water through the pool’s filtering system.  Once the circulated water is returned to the pool or spa, Ozone is present at a very low and safe concentration. Because it does not maintain a residual disinfectant, another chemical, like chlorine or bromine, should be added to the pool to ensure the water is completely sanitized and safe for swimming.

Ozone Generators for Pool Care

Also known as Ozonators or Ozone generators sanitize swimming pool water as the water travels through the pool’s filter circulation system. Before returning the sanitized water to the pool, deplete the ozone supply by gassing it off in the atmosphere above the pool water. Ozone is unsafe to humans if present in large concentrations.

Ozonators produce ozone through two generator types; Corona Discharge and Ultraviolet light. To understand how both function, remember that oxygen contains two oxygen atoms (O2) while ozone contains three (O3).

Here’s a simple table outlining some key aspects of ozone generators for pool care:

Aspect Description
Functionality Ozone generators produce ozone gas, which is injected into pool water to sanitize and disinfect it.
Sanitization Efficiency Ozone is a powerful oxidizer, effectively killing bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants in the water.
Installation Typically installed as part of the pool’s filtration system, either inline or in a separate chamber.
Maintenance Regular maintenance is required to ensure the proper functioning of the ozone generator and associated components.
Cost Initial costs can be higher compared to traditional chlorine systems, but long-term savings may be realized.
Environmental Impact Ozone generators reduce reliance on chlorine and produce fewer harmful byproducts, making them more environmentally friendly.
Effectiveness in Hot Climates Ozone’s effectiveness can be impacted by high temperatures and UV radiation, requiring additional measures in hot climates.

This table provides a brief overview of ozone generators for pool care, highlighting their functionality, benefits, and considerations for installation and maintenance.

Corona Discharge Ozone Pool Treatment

A Corona discharge ozonator (also known as a corona discharge generator or CD ozone generator) uses high voltage electrical discharges to create ozone. It sounds complex, but the science is actually pretty simple: the electrical discharges create a ring of energy, and as air flows through that ring, some oxygen molecules get split apart and reassemble to form ozone.

Corona discharge ozone pool treatment involves the use of an ozone generator that employs a corona discharge method to produce ozone gas. In this process, oxygen molecules (O2) from the surrounding air are passed through a high-voltage electric field, creating a corona discharge.

This discharge breaks apart the oxygen molecules, allowing the formation of ozone (O3) molecules. The ozone gas produced is then injected into the pool water, where it acts as a powerful oxidizer, effectively sanitizing and disinfecting the water by destroying bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants. Corona discharge ozone treatment is known for its efficiency in pool water treatment, offering a viable alternative to traditional chlorine-based methods with reduced chemical usage and fewer harmful byproducts.

UV Pool Water System

A UV Ozone Generator is also a method for producing ozone to disinfect your swimming pool.  To do this ultraviolet light turns air into ozone, and air needs to be passed over UV lamps that emit light at 185 nanometers.

A UV pool system, also known as ultraviolet (UV) disinfection for pools, utilizes ultraviolet light to sanitize pool water. In this system, water from the pool is circulated through a chamber containing UV lamps.

These UV lamps emit ultraviolet light, specifically UV-C, which effectively destroys or deactivates microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and algae present in the water. UV disinfection works by damaging the DNA or RNA of these microorganisms, rendering them unable to reproduce and causing them to die off. UV pool systems are often used as a supplementary sanitation method alongside traditional chlorine or other chemical treatments, providing an additional layer of protection against waterborne pathogens and improving overall water quality.

Certainly! Here’s a list outlining the key components and features of a UV pool water system:

  1. UV Lamp: The core component of the UV pool system is the UV lamp or bulb. These lamps emit UV-C light, which is effective in destroying microorganisms present in the pool water.
  2. Chamber: The UV lamp is housed within a chamber through which pool water flows. The chamber is designed to ensure maximum exposure of the water to the UV light emitted by the lamp.
  3. Flow Control: The flow of water through the UV chamber is regulated to ensure that all water passing through receives adequate exposure to the UV light for effective disinfection.
  4. Filtration: A filtration system is often integrated with the UV system to remove debris and particulate matter from the pool water before it enters the UV chamber. This helps optimize the effectiveness of the UV treatment.
  5. Controller: Many UV pool systems come with a controller that monitors the operation of the UV lamp and ensures proper functioning. Some controllers also feature indicators or alarms to alert users of any issues with the system.
  6. Installation: UV pool systems can be installed as standalone units or integrated into the existing pool circulation and filtration system. Installation typically involves mounting the UV chamber in the pool plumbing line.
  7. Maintenance: Regular maintenance is required to ensure the UV lamp is functioning optimally. This may include periodic lamp replacement according to manufacturer recommendations and cleaning of the chamber to remove any buildup that could reduce UV effectiveness.
  8. Supplementary Treatment: UV pool systems are often used in conjunction with other pool sanitation methods, such as chlorine or ozone treatment, to provide comprehensive water treatment and ensure water quality and safety.

Overall, UV pool water systems offer an efficient and environmentally friendly method of disinfecting pool water, helping to keep the water clean and safe for swimmers.

As the air passes over these lamps, the wavelength energy splits the oxygen molecules which they can then reassemble into ozone molecules. Remember, oxygen contains two oxygen atoms and ozone contains three. When the oxygen molecules split apart, they attempt to stabilize, forming ozone in the process. Mazzei Venturi Injectors - South Africa - Wassertec.

Once the ozone is generated (using either type of generator), it needs to be dissolved into the water.

The most common method is venturi injection. For this to take place, the structure of the device creates a pressure vacuum to draw the ozone gas into the pool water as it circulates through the system.

Advanced Oxidation Process (AOP)

Advanced Oxidation Process (“AOP”) is a powerful sanitizer. The process of using UV and Ozone together creates hydroxyl radicals, and this is the most powerful oxidizer available for a residential pool.

This system uses a UV water sanitizer partnered with an (O3) Ozone Oxidizer for an eco-friendly process to clean chlorine or saltwater pools. The two work together to make swimming pools clear with a dramatic reduction in the need for chlorine and salt generated in standard pools. When ozone decomposes in water, the free radicals hydrogen peroxy (HO2) and hydroxyl (OH) that are formed have great oxidizing capacity and play an active role in the disinfection process.

Advantages of the AOP Pool Process:

    1. Viruses and bacteria are all destroyed– AOP can destroy microbes that chlorine will take hours or days to kill on its own.
    2. You can reduce chemical use-This applies whether using a chlorine feeder or chlorine generator. While you still need 1-3 parts per million (ppm) of free chlorine, it will take FAR less to maintain that residual. So you add less to the pool, you handle fewer tabs, you can run the generator less, etc. It saves you money and chemical exposure.
    3. Your water can be crystal clear- You may think you have clear pool water but if you haven’t seen AOP water, you haven’t seen clear. With AOP water you can see details 10ft deep in the water. It is crazy clear.
  • You will not have any chlorine irritation chloramines vast majority of chlorine complaints are actually due to chlorine bound up with other things in the water, creating chloramines. Chloramines smell, they are irritating and burn your eyes. But AOP destroys these, so no chloramine
  • Ozone has a neutral pH (about 7.0), so it does not affect the pH of the system pool water.
  • It has no calcium or alkalinity and no dissolved solids-Ozone does remove trace amounts of dissolved metals such as iron, manganese, and copper by oxidizing them to their highest oxidation state. These medals will precipitate out of the water and be removed by the pool’s filtration.

JimGalloway Author/Editor


EPA- Ozone Water Treatment

EPA-Ozone Disinfection


Do UV pool systems replace the need for chlorine or other chemicals? While UV pool systems can significantly reduce the reliance on chlorine or other chemicals for sanitation, they are often used as a supplementary treatment method rather than a complete replacement. Combining UV treatment with low levels of chlorine or other oxidizers can provide comprehensive water treatment.

Are UV pool systems safe for swimmers?  Yes, UV pool systems are safe for swimmers. The UV-C light used in these systems is contained within the chamber and does not come into direct contact with swimmers. Additionally, UV treatment does not produce harmful disinfection byproducts like chloramines, which can irritate swimmers’ skin and eyes.

How often do UV lamps need to be replaced?  UV lamps typically need to be replaced every 12 to 24 months, depending on the manufacturer’s recommendations and the usage of the system. Regular lamp replacement ensures optimal performance and effectiveness of the UV pool system.

Can a UV pool system be installed in existing pools?  Yes, UV pool systems can be installed in existing pools. They can be integrated into the pool’s circulation and filtration system or added as standalone units. Professional installation is recommended to ensure proper setup and operation.

Are UV pool systems environmentally friendly?  Yes, UV pool systems are considered environmentally friendly. They reduce the need for chlorine and other chemicals, thereby minimizing chemical usage and the production of harmful disinfection byproducts. Additionally, UV treatment does not introduce any chemical residues into the water.

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