How to Make Distilled Water at Home

Distilled Water is a form of filtered water that doesn’t contains any bacteria, minerals, or salts that is purified in a very simple way that can be done right in your kitchen at home without expensive filtering equipment. How do you make Distilled Water at home?

  • Fill a large pot partially with water
  • Add a baking rack to the pot
  • Place a smaller collection bowl on the rack
  • Place the lid on the pot upside down.
  • Place the pot on a burner and switch your stove on.
  • Place something cold (such as ice cubes) on the lid.
  • Store the distilled water in a suitable container

The distillation process is very effective at removing potentially harmful trace amounts of contaminants found in drinking H2O but it also removes the natural minerals and electrolytes naturally found in water in the process.

Distilling Water Process


Distillation is the process of separating components of a mixture based on different boiling points. Examples of uses of distillation include water purification production of alcohol, desalination, crude oil refining, and making liquefied gases from the air. Humans have been using distillation since at least 3000 BC in the Indus valley.

how to make distilled water
                           Figure 1

Distillation is a treatment method that normally removes more than 99.9 percent of the dissolved minerals in the water. Tap water in a tank (often made of stainless steel) is heated to boiling. Bacteria are killed during boiling. The steam produced enters condensing coils or is trapped in a compartment where it is cooled and condensed back to the water.

Distilled water is the only water purification method that removes viruses, bacteria (like ecoli), parasites, toxic heavy metals (lead), poisons (like arsenic & mercury), radioactive particles (radon), nitrates, and many more.

In a Distillation Unit, distilled water goes into a storage container or is piped to a special faucet. Storage containers can be glass, metal, or plastic. Minerals that are dissolved in solution and other suspended contaminates are left behind when the steam enters the condensing unit during and after the process. After this, distilled water is considered relatively pure of impurities. To make yourself:

All you need is a few things from the kitchen:

  • You need a large container 
  • A smaller collection container that either floats in the first container or can be propped up above the water level
  • A rounded or pointed lid that fits the big container (turned upside down so that when the steam condenses, the water drips into your smaller container)
  • some ice
  1. Fill a large pot (5-gallon pot) partially with water- Figure 1
  2. Place a baking rack in the pot in the center of the pot 
  3. Us a smaller pot to sit on the rack inside the 5-gallon pot
  4. Place the lid on the pot upside down.
  5. Place the pot on a burner and turn your stove on.
  6. Place something cold (such as ice cubes) on the lid.
  7. Store finished distilled water in a separate container

As the water inside the pot gets heated, droplets (condensation) will form on the lid. The ice cubes (or other cold material) on the other side of the lid will help with this process. The distilled water will fall back down into your bowl.

A typical household unit will produce between 4 and 12 gallons of treated water per day, depending on the size of the heating element. The known disadvantage of a distillation unit is the ongoing cost of energy required for its operation.

You can make some distilled water over a stove, grill, or campfire and don’t need electricity. You can use a simple DYI distiller using a Solar Distiller that is powered by the sun in an emergency situation. I wrote about this in an earlier post in MyWaterEarth& Sky called  How to Make a Solar Still.

You can use tap water and also use stream, snow, rainwater, raw river, or lake water if in a survival situation. Home distillation kits range in price from about $100 to several hundred dollars that produce enough for any household.



What is Distilled Water Used For


How to Make Distilled Water at Home or While CampingWater your houseplants with distilled water.  Distilled water is good for houseplants because it eliminates damaging soil contamination “buildup”. Distilled Water is pure water for your plants. In fact, distilled water is used for hydroponic gardens, professional greenhouses, and gardening, not just for indoor houseplants.

Distilled water does freeze but doesn’t look like any other ice you’ve seen cubes are clear and look great in cocktails. Distilled water can make coffee taste great you’ll notice the difference at the first sip. It will keep coffee-making equipment cleaner and easier to clean.

Distilled water not only improves the taste of liquids like fresh squeezed orange juice or your favorite coffee but dramatically improves the taste of your food. The distilled water magnifies the natural and mouth-watering flavors of your favorite foods and recipes.

  • steam irons
  • aquariums (mineral supplements should be added to the fish food)
  • watering plants
  • car cooling systems
  • laboratory experiments
  • certain medical devices, such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices for sleep apnea

Aside from its flat taste, distilled water doesn’t provide you with minerals like calcium and magnesium that you get from regular tap water and which are needed for a healthy mind, body function, and cellular growth.

Since distilled water doesn’t contain its own minerals, it will have a tendency to pull them from whatever it touches to maintain a balance. So when you drink distilled water, it may take small amounts of minerals from your body and even from your teeth.



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JimGalloway Author/Editor

Thought Company-What is Distillation in Chemistry?




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