Best Water Filter System For Survival


According to FEMA, water is one of the most important resources after a disaster. But what happens if you don’t have clean water stored away in an emergency, there’s no power or help to come to your home, What type of water filtration systems are considered the best to have in a survival situation?

Best Water Filters in a Survival Situation:

Runs by Gravity
Uses Distillation
Needs No Power or Plumbing
Portable Microfilter/UF/Carbon
Can use Solar Power
Gravity & Reverse Osmosis (RO) 
Able to Filter 0.01-0.02 Microns needed to take out microbes, viruses, radionuclides, organic & inorganic chemicals.

These types of Portable Gravity Water Filters are able to clean raw water sources like rivers and streams that are contaminated and polluted. Be prepared in case of an emergency, that may or may not come your way.

 Water Purification Methods at Home

It is vital that all household members know what to do in an emergency when it happens. Make a list of things to do in the home before an emergency. That emergency can happen in your home in a car or lost in the mountains.

Experts used to say that you should store 1 gallon of water per/day for each person living in the household. That requirement might be more depending on the temperature or season and the location in the country you live in. Common sense will dictate how much more you may need.

If you are storing larger amounts, then it is recommended that the container is a food-grade water storage container that is sold at camping supply stores.

You can sanitize the container with a teaspoon of household bleach to a gallon of water and rinse the container out thoroughly. Fill containers with Tap Water.  Add this Water to your Emergency Preparedness Kit.

Different Types of Water Purification Methods

The three main treatment processes in the event of Emergency are.

  • Boiling
  • Chlorinating
  • Distillation

Boiling is the safest method of cleaning water for 1 minute boil the water to a full boil. Pour the water back and forth between two containers to cool and add oxygen to improve the taste.

Chlorinating with household unscented bleach can be used to kill microorganisms. Add 1/8 of a teaspoon of bleach to one gallon of questionable water. The water should have a slight bleach odor. If it doesn’t repeat the process. Let it sit for 15 minutes. If the water still doesn’t have a slight bleach odor-throw it out.

Bleach needs to contain a 5.25-6.0 % sodium hypochlorite solution as the only active ingredient. Other chemicals are not recommended.

Distillation-While Chlorinating and Boiling will kill most microorganisms that are in the water, Distillation will remove any that escaped and will also remove metals, salts, and other chemicals. Water is our most precious global resource.

Clean and safe drinking water is critical to sustaining human life. Without it, waterborne illness would be a serious problem. Often water’s vital role is most apparent during a disaster or in an emergency.

These days the Best Choice for Water Preparedness is a Quality Water Filter employing Microfilters, Reverse Osmosis and/or Ultrafiltration that have a 0.1 to 0.2 size pours on a ceramic with a Carbon Block built-in.

Contaminated Drinking Water

 

The Federal government through EPA determines what is considered clean safe drinking water. These standards are used by municipal water distributors and suppliers throughout the country. The standards are called the National Primary Drinking Water Regulation. They set the list of contaminants that are a threat to the consumers of water in our country.

They determine what limit exposure of these contaminants are people still safe drinking them protecting public health. The contaminants are broken down into 6 classifications.

  1. Microorganisms
  2. Disinfectants
  3. Disinfection By-Products
  4. Inorganic Chemicals
  5. Organic Chemicals
  6. Radionuclides

These are the contaminants that according to the EPA through testing and analysis of the Safe Drinking Water Act determine the standard for what is clean drinking water. This is the standard that is used and compared by the Water Filter Industry.

Microorganism           

like Cryptosporidium and Giardia that are found in water that contains human and animal fecal waste. Ingesting causes Gastrointestinal illness, diarrhea, and vomiting. Coliforms that can contain fecal coliforms that are only found in human and animal waste. Turbidity found in soil runoff and Viruses also found in Human and Animal Fecal waste.

Disinfection By-Products

Some of these have adverse effects on humans and have been found to cause cancer, These are the Byproducts of Chlorine disinfection.

Inorganic Chemicals      

Inorganic chemistry is concerned with the properties and behavior of inorganic compounds, which include metals, minerals, and organic metallic compounds.

Inorganic Compounds that are used as catalysts, pigments and coatings, medicines, fuels and more. They often have a high melting point and many inorganic chemicals are used in the industry. Examples of inorganic compounds are minerals and plastics.

Organic Chemicals

An organic chemical also referred to as an organic compound, is defined as being constructed of molecules that possess carbon-based atoms. Specifically, it is composed of carbon atoms attached to hydrogen atoms, together with a variety of other elements from functional groups, such as oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, etc. An organic chemical is covalently bonded, meaning that electrons are shared between atoms.

This characteristic is why organic chemicals can be structured in a variety of long chains and rings and form bonds with great stability. Today Organic compounds are classified as being natural or synthetic. Natural organic compounds are derived from living organisms like plants and animals. They include vitamins carbohydrates and amino acids.                              

Radionuclides

A radionuclide is an atom that has excess nuclear energy making it very unstable. This excess energy can emit or even create radiation from the nucleus. It emits high-speed particles or rays. This is called ionizing radiation because it replaces ions by displacing electrons in the body, disrupting the function of atoms.

Now that That’s over with-Lets talk about Water Filters and what they are capable of removing Contaminants.                                               

 

The National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (NPDWR) are legally enforceable primary standards and treatment techniques that apply to public water systems. Primary standards and treatment techniques protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water.

US EPA
The United States Environmental Protection Agency

 

 National Primary Drinking Water Regulations

Related Info
Find out how EPA develops drinking water regulations
Learn about existing EPA drinking water regulations
Read the drinking water section of the Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR 141)
The National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (NPDWR) are legally enforceable primary standards and treatment techniques that apply to public water systems. Primary standards and treatment techniques protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water.
Microorganisms
Disinfectants
Disinfection Byproducts
Inorganic Chemicals
Organic Chemicals
Radionuclides

Microorganisms
Contaminant
MCLG1 (mg/L)2
MCL or TT1 (mg/L)2
Potential Health Effects from Long-Term Exposure Above the MCL (unless specified as short-term)
Sources of Contaminant in Drinking Water
Cryptosporidium
zero
TT3
Gastrointestinal illness (such as diarrhea, vomiting, and cramps)
Human and animal fecal waste
Giardia lamblia
zero
TT3
Gastrointestinal illness (such as diarrhea, vomiting, and cramps)
Human and animal fecal waste
Heterotrophic plate count (HPC)
n/a
TT3
HPC has no health effects; it is an analytic method used to measure the variety of bacteria that are common in water. The lower the concentration of bacteria in drinking water, the better maintained the water system is.
HPC measures a range of bacteria that are naturally present in the environment
Legionella
zero
TT3
Legionnaire’s Disease, a type of pneumonia
Found naturally in water; multiplies in heating systems
Total Coliforms (including fecal coliform and E. Coli)
Quick reference guide
zero
5.0%4
Not a health threat in itself; it is used to indicate whether other potentially harmful bacteria may be present5
Coliforms are naturally present in the environment; as well as feces; fecal coliforms and E. coli only come from human and animal fecal waste.
Turbidity
n/a
TT3
Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of water. It is used to indicate water quality and filtration effectiveness (such as whether disease-causing organisms are present). Higher turbidity levels are often associated with higher levels of disease-causing microorganisms such as viruses, parasites and some bacteria. These organisms can cause symptoms such as nausea, cramps, diarrhea, and associated headaches.
Soil runoff
Viruses (enteric)
zero
TT3
Gastrointestinal illness (such as diarrhea, vomiting, and cramps)
Human and animal fecal waste
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Disinfection Byproducts
Quick reference guide: Stage 1 and 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rules
Contaminant
MCLG1 (mg/L)2
MCL or TT1 (mg/L)2
Potential Health Effects from Long-Term Exposure Above the MCL (unless specified as short-term)
Sources of Contaminant in Drinking Water
Bromate
zero
0.010
Increased risk of cancer
Byproduct of drinking water disinfection
Chlorite
0.8
1.0
Anemia; infants and young children: nervous system effects
Byproduct of drinking water disinfection
Haloacetic acids (HAA5)
n/a6
0.060
Increased risk of cancer
Byproduct of drinking water disinfection
Total Trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
–> n/a6
========–>–> 0.080
Liver, kidney or central nervous system problems; increased risk of cancer
Byproduct of drinking water disinfection
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Disinfectants
Quick reference guide: Stage 1 and 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rules
Contaminant
MCLG1 (mg/L)2
MCL or TT1 (mg/L)2
Potential Health Effects from Long-Term Exposure Above the MCL (unless specified as short-term)
Sources of Contaminant in Drinking Water
Chloramines (as Cl2)
MRDLG=41
MRDL=4.01
Eye/nose irritation; stomach discomfort, anemia
Water additive used to control microbes
Chlorine (as Cl2)
MRDLG=41
MRDL=4.01
Eye/nose irritation; stomach discomfort
Water additive used to control microbes
Chlorine dioxide (as ClO2)
MRDLG=0.81
MRDL=0.81
Anemia; infants and young children: nervous system effects
Water additive used to control microbes
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Inorganic Chemicals
Contaminant
MCLG1 (mg/L)2
MCL or TT1 (mg/L)2
Potential Health Effects from Long-Term Exposure Above the MCL (unless specified as short-term)
Sources of Contaminant in Drinking Water
Antimony
0.006
0.006
Increase in blood cholesterol; decrease in blood sugar
Discharge from petroleum refineries; fire retardants; ceramics; electronics; solder
Arsenic
Quick reference guide
Consumer fact sheet
0
0.010 as of 01/23/06
Skin damage or problems with circulatory systems, and may have increased risk of getting cancer
Erosion of natural deposits; runoff from orchards, runoff from glass and electronicsproduction wastes
Asbestos (fiber > 10 micrometers)
7 million fibers per liter (MFL)
7 MFL
Increased risk of developing benign intestinal polyps
The decay of asbestos cement in water mains; erosion of natural deposits
Barium
2
2
Increase in blood pressure
Discharge of drilling wastes; discharge from metal refineries; erosion of natural deposits
Beryllium
0.004
0.004
Intestinal lesions
Discharge from metal refineries and coal-burning factories; discharge from electrical, aerospace, and defense industries
Cadmium
0.005
0.005
Kidney damage
Corrosion of galvanized pipes; erosion of natural deposits; discharge from metal refineries; runoff from waste batteries and paints
Chromium (total)
0.1
0.1
Allergic dermatitis
Discharge from steel and pulp mills; erosion of natural deposits
Copper
1.3
TT7; Action Level=1.3
Short term exposure: Gastrointestinal distress
Long term exposure: Liver or kidney damage
People with Wilson’s Disease should consult their personal doctor if the amount of copper in their water exceeds the action level
Corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of natural deposits
Cyanide (as free cyanide)
0.2
0.2
Nerve damage or thyroid problems
Discharge from steel/metal factories; discharge from plastic and fertilizer factories
Fluoride
4.0
4.0
Bone disease (pain and tenderness of the bones); Children may get mottled teeth
Water additive which promotes strong teeth; erosion of natural deposits; discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories
Lead
Quick reference guide
Rule information
zero
TT7; Action Level=0.015
Infants and children: Delays in physical or mental development; children could show slight deficits in attention span and learning abilities
Adults: Kidney problems; high blood pressure
Corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of natural deposits
Mercury (inorganic)
0.002
0.002
Kidney damage
Erosion of natural deposits; discharge from refineries and factories; runoff from landfills and croplands
Nitrate (measured as Nitrogen)
10
10
Infants below the age of six months who drink water containing nitrate in excess of the MCL could become seriously ill and, if untreated, may die. Symptoms include shortness of breath and blue-baby syndrome.
Runoff from fertilizer use; leaking from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits
Nitrite (measured as Nitrogen)
1
1
Infants below the age of six months who drink water containing nitrite in excess of the MCL could become seriously ill and, if untreated, may die. Symptoms include shortness of breath and blue-baby syndrome.
Runoff from fertilizer use; leaking from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits
Selenium
0.05
0.05
Hair or fingernail loss; numbness in fingers or toes; circulatory problems
Discharge from petroleum refineries; erosion of natural deposits; discharge from mines
Thallium
0.0005
0.002
Hair loss; changes in blood; kidney, intestine, or liver problems
Leaching from ore-processing sites; discharge from electronics, glass, and drug factories
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Organic Chemicals
Contaminant
MCLG1 (mg/L)2
MCL or TT1 (mg/L)2
Potential Health Effects from Long-Term Exposure Above the MCL (unless specified as short-term)
Sources of Contaminant in Drinking Water
Acrylamide
zero
TT8
Nervous system or blood problems; increased risk of cancer
Added to water during sewage/wastewater treatment
Alachlor
zero
0.002
Eye, liver, kidney or spleen problems; anemia; increased risk of cancer
Runoff from herbicide used on row crops
Atrazine
0.003
0.003
Cardiovascular system or reproductive problems
Runoff from herbicide used on row crops
Benzene
zero
0.005
Anemia; decrease in blood platelets; increased risk of cancer
Discharge from factories; leaching from gas storage tanks and landfills
Benzo(a)pyrene (PAHs)
zero
0.0002
Reproductive difficulties; increased risk of cancer
Leaching from linings of water storage tanks and distribution lines
Carbofuran
0.04
0.04
Problems with blood, nervous system, or reproductive system
Leaching of soil fumigant used on rice and alfalfa
Carbon tetrachloride
zero
0.005
Liver problems; increased risk of cancer
Discharge from chemical plants and other industrial activities
Chlordane
zero
0.002
Liver or nervous system problems; increased risk of cancer
Residue of banned termiticide
Chlorobenzene
0.1
0.1
Liver or kidney problems
Discharge from chemical and agricultural chemical factories
2,4-D
0.07
0.07
Kidney, liver, or adrenal gland problems
Runoff from herbicide used on row crops
Dalapon
0.2
0.2
Minor kidney changes
Runoff from herbicide used on rights of way
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)
zero
0.0002
Reproductive difficulties; increased risk of cancer
Runoff/leaching from soil fumigant used on soybeans, cotton, pineapples, and orchards
o-Dichlorobenzene
0.6
0.6
Liver, kidney, or circulatory system problems
Discharge from industrial chemical factories
p-Dichlorobenzene
0.075
0.075
Anemia; liver, kidney or spleen damage; changes in blood
Discharge from industrial chemical factories
1,2-Dichloroethane
zero
0.005
Increased risk of cancer
Discharge from industrial chemical factories
1,1-Dichloroethylene
0.007
0.007
Liver problems
Discharge from industrial chemical factories
cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene
0.07
0.07
Liver problems
Discharge from industrial chemical factories
trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene
0.1
0.1
Liver problems
Discharge from industrial chemical factories
Dichloromethane
zero
0.005
Liver problems; increased risk of cancer
Discharge from drug and chemical factories
1,2-Dichloropropane
zero
0.005
Increased risk of cancer
Discharge from industrial chemical factories
Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate
0.4
0.4
Weight loss, liver problems, or possible reproductive difficulties.
Discharge from chemical factories
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
zero
0.006
Reproductive difficulties; liver problems; increased risk of cancer
Discharge from rubber and chemical factories
Dinoseb
0.007
0.007
Reproductive difficulties
Runoff from herbicide used on soybeans and vegetables
Dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD)
zero
0.00000003
Reproductive difficulties; increased risk of cancer
Emissions from waste incineration and other combustion; discharge from chemical factories
Diquat
0.02
0.02
Cataracts
Runoff from herbicide use
Endothall
0.1
0.1
Stomach and intestinal problems
Runoff from herbicide use
Endrin
0.002
0.002
Liver problems
Residue of banned insecticide
Epichlorohydrin
zero
TT8
Increased cancer risk, and over a long period of time, stomach problems
Discharge from industrial chemical factories; an impurity of some water treatment chemicals
Ethylbenzene
0.7
0.7
Liver or kidneys problems
Discharge from petroleum refineries
Ethylene dibromide
zero
0.00005
Problems with liver, stomach, reproductive system, or kidneys; increased risk of cancer
Discharge from petroleum refineries
Glyphosate
0.7
0.7
Kidney problems; reproductive difficulties
Runoff from herbicide use
Heptachlor
zero
0.0004
Liver damage; increased risk of cancer
Residue of banned termiticide
Heptachlor epoxide
zero
0.0002
Liver damage; increased risk of cancer
Breakdown of heptachlor
Hexachlorobenzene
zero
0.001
Liver or kidney problems; reproductive difficulties; increased risk of cancer
Discharge from metal refineries and agricultural chemical factories
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
0.05
0.05
Kidney or stomach problems
Discharge from chemical factories
Lindane
0.0002
0.0002
Liver or kidney problems
Runoff/leaching from insecticide used on cattle, lumber, gardens
Methoxychlor
0.04
0.04
Reproductive difficulties
Runoff/leaching from insecticide used on fruits, vegetables, alfalfa, livestock
Oxamyl (Vydate)
0.2
0.2
Slight nervous system effects
Runoff/leaching from insecticide used on apples, potatoes, and tomatoes
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
zero
0.0005
Skin changes; thymus gland problems; immune deficiencies; reproductive or nervous system difficulties; increased risk of cancer
Runoff from landfills; discharge of waste chemicals
Pentachlorophenol
zero
0.001
Liver or kidney problems; increased cancer risk
Discharge from wood preserving factories
Picloram
0.5
0.5
Liver problems
Herbicide runoff
Simazine
0.004
0.004
Problems with blood
Herbicide runoff
Styrene
0.1
0.1
Liver, kidney, or circulatory system problems
Discharge from rubber and plastic factories; leaching from landfills
Tetrachloroethylene
zero
0.005
Liver problems; increased risk of cancer
Discharge from factories and dry cleaners
Toluene
1
1
Nervous system, kidney, or liver problems
Discharge from petroleum factories
Toxaphene
zero
0.003
Kidney, liver, or thyroid problems; increased risk of cancer
Runoff/leaching from insecticide used on cotton and cattle

2,4,5-TP (Silvex)
0.05
0.05
Liver problems
Residue of banned herbicide
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
0.07
0.07
Changes in adrenal glands
Discharge from textile finishing factories
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
0.20
0.2
Liver, nervous system, or circulatory problems
Discharge from metal degreasing sites and other factories
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
0.003
0.005
Liver, kidney, or immune system problems
Discharge from industrial chemical factories
Trichloroethylene
zero
0.005
Liver problems; increased risk of cancer
Discharge from metal degreasing sites and other factories
Vinyl chloride
zero
0.002
Increased risk of cancer
Leaching from PVC pipes; discharge from plastic factories
Xylenes (total)
10
10
Nervous system damage
Discharge from petroleum factories; discharge from chemical factories
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Radionuclides
Quick Reference Guide
Contaminant
MCLG1 (mg/L)2
MCL or TT1 (mg/L)2
Potential Health Effects from Long-Term Exposure Above the MCL (unless specified as short-term)
Sources of Contaminant in Drinking Water
Alpha particles
none ———- zero
15 picocuries per Liter (pCi/L)
Increased risk of cancer
Erosion of natural deposits of certain minerals that are radioactive and may emit a form of radiation known as alpha radiation
Beta particles and photon emitters
none ———- zero
4 millirems per year
Increased risk of cancer
Decay of natural and man-made deposits of
certain minerals that are radioactive and may emit forms of radiation known as photons and beta radiation
Radium 226 and Radium 228 (combined)
none ———- zero
5 pCi/L
Increased risk of cancer
Erosion of natural deposits
Uranium
zero
30 ug/L as of 12/08/03
Increased risk of cancer, kidney toxicity
Erosion of natural deposit

Last updated 2018

 

 

Types of Water Filtration Systems

There are different types of water filtration products today that are designed to clean drinking water based on known parameters that are set by the EPA and The National Primary Drinking Act.

These are the known contaminants that we are aware of.  There are different applications to fit the need of the consumer for the problems that are likely facing with their own situation. A water filter that is plumbed into your home may not be the best filtration that you need for an untypical situation.

During hurricanes or earthquakes, Municipal Authorities will shut down utilities like Gas, water, and sewer until the emergency is deemed safe and the situation comes back to normal.

During Hurricane Sandy in 2012, I witness some things that I never have seen before. I was involved in a State of Emergency where all utilities were shut down and there was no power, water sewer or gas for many days. In fact, it was for many weeks.

The first time I went to the store, outside of the area where the damage was worse, was to buy water. We needed water not just to drink but also for cleaning up.

We had almost 4 feet of ocean and mud in our home. I found a convenience store about 5 miles away with some cases of bottled water that had been priced at 4 or 5 times what the normal price was.

The price of eggs and sugar didn’t seem to change but the water became a very important commodity that was, unfortunately, what all of us involved in the storm needed the most.

This taught me a valuable lesson that I should have already have none. Water is the number one resource needed in an emergency situation. It is also the number one resource in a survival situation.  Since 2012 and Hurricane Sandy, or I should say “Tropical Storm Sandy” there have been wonderful products developed for emergencies that prepare us for these occurrences that seem to be happening more and more every year.

When you are in survival mode whether it be it outdoors, lost in the mountains or a victim of a flood or any natural disaster the most important resource you’ll need is clean drinking water. In most cases, if you ever become involved in a disaster or survival life and death emergency situation, there are some common elements to it.

  • You don’t have electric power
  • You don’t have a clean source of drinking water
  • You can’t carry around enough quantities of bottled water for surviving for long periods of time.
  •  Even stored water containers may not be enough or could be breached in a Natural Disaster.
  • It is important to own a Portable Water Filter. Keep it in your Emergency  Preparedness Kit.

The best water filter to have for these reasons is a Gravity Water Filter that needs no plumbing or water pressure and no power to operate. That means your faucet filter won’t matter or your whole house or countertop water filter you paid so much for won’t matter at all. It ‘s just common sense. You need a Portable Gravity Water Filter that can process enough water to get you through this bad situation.

If You Situation is a plane crash, lost in the outdoors, or you find yourself a victim of a natural disaster, you need a portable filter that will go beyond what normal water filtration units do. There could be chemicals besides microbes in the water that need to removed to be considered safe of the contaminants that are listed here.

The Best Water Filter will provide you and your family members especially in an emergency situation peace of mind and assurance that you won’t get sick or worse from the water you consume.

You can use it everyday or pack it away with other Emergency Preparedness Kits for home and family.

 

Portable Water Filtration Systems Disaster Relief

In the event of an emergency and or a survival situation, you need a Portable Water Filter that can remove the primary contaminants that are close to what the EPA and the National Primary Drinking Water Regulations deem as dangerous. Because of your situation, you might have to settle for a little less but not much less. Pick out the best filtering system now before anything happens, because like my old man used to say ” it always does”

The first filter we will look at is:

Katadyn KFT Expedition Filter

This filter has been gaining popularity for some time now. The water filter is a handheld Portable Pump filter that delivers a gallon a minute, which will be enough drinking water for a whole family or group that is in survival mode.

It is small fairly lightweight at 12.5 lbs. The filtering system can process up to 26,000 gallons of the source water. This the filter that is used by Relief Organizations around the world. It has a ceramic filter and is capable of filtering contaminants as small as .02 microns. Ceramic filters have been used for years by military and missionaries around the world. 

The filter is made in Switzerland and is considered one of the best water filtration tools in the world. It also is made of steel construction making it more durable than most filters and is built to last for years.

This filter although expensive can be used for source water of streams and rivers that have a questionable character for consuming. Product reviews are superior and customers that purchased it are very happy with it.

Because of the silver-impregnated filter and the delivery rate. This filter stands out for groups of people worried about microorganisms in the source water.

The Renogy Tactical Microfilter

Because of the much lower price and the smaller 0.01-micron size filtering Membrane, the Renogy Tactical Microfilter for me was the better product and comes closer to what I need in a Portable UF Water Filter. It’s somewhere between $60 and 70.00 dollars. A great value and bang for your Buck! I have used mine out fishing and drank right from the lake.

If you can sacrifice some volume and a Sediment Filter that doesn’t come with Cheaper Renogy for smaller pores in the Membrane that will guarantee more removal of contaminates. That really the reason I bought a Microfilter in the first place. 

The Renogy tops the list for a Portable Microfilter. The only thing it lacks is a separate Sediment Filter. It processes about 800 gallons and can be easily flushed right out in the field. 

The Renogy Tactical Microfilter can deliver processed water at a typical rate of 600 ml/per minute in temperatures of 32- 113 degrees. It weighs about a half-pound and stands around 8 inches tall.

It’s made from Military grade Aluminum PCTG is BPA free and comes with silica gel to use as a lubricant for the piston on the filter. Here is the Best part. The Renogy Tactical Water Microfilter can filter down to 0.1 Micron size that is of the highest level that is recommended by the EPA and even surpassing critical levels for portable water filtration. Replacement filters are only $10.00 

You can drink water directly from the source on the move or fill bottles and containers for later supplies. If your hiking or cycling the Renogy is a light-practical tool that can be stored away in your backpack easily.

For emergencies, preparedness can be stored away or packed in your luggage for world travel as needed insurance against unseen enemies that invisible.

In today’s world, nothing made more sense than to protect you and your family from new and older types of organic and inorganic contaminants that can harm you. This is a small price of money and inconvenience for you to pay that can save you from trouble before it can happen.

This Portable is a well built durable Microfilter that will go with you anywhere in extreme temperatures.

 

The Big Berkey System

I bought this filter and have no regrets.  Big Berkey can filter up to 30 gallons of processed drinking water per/day and can hold 2.25 gallons of filtered water. It is big and powerful designed with a family size need for clean water for drinking and cooking. It will remove contaminants from raw sources of water from lakes, ponds, and streams. The construction is stainless steel and the filter is made to go off-grid or camping. It is useful during a natural disaster when the lights and power go off this filter is meant for continued service delivering potable water that is ultra-clean and reliable.

The Big Berkey system removes pathogenic bacteria, cysts, and parasites and reduces harmful chemicals such as herbicides, pesticides, and VOCs without removing the beneficial minerals your body needs. Constructed of highly polished 304 stainless steel, the system comes complete with four 9″ x 2.75″ Imperial ceramic elements. It also includes 4 PF-4 Fluoride filters.

The PF-4 filters screw on to the ceramic filters and work in conjunction to remove or reduce fluoride, lead, MTBE, arsenic, and other contaminants. The powerful Black Berkey purification elements also remove or reduce pathogenic cysts, parasites, harmful or unwanted chemicals such as herbicides and pesticides, VOC’, detergents, organic solvents, trihalomethanes, cloudiness, silt, sediment, nitrates, nitrites, heavy metals, foul tastes, and odors, yet they leave in the healthful and beneficial minerals that your body needs.

 

 A Big Berkey is a complete stand-alone gravity filter system. Using stainless steel construction for durable use in any kind of situation where drinking water is desirable. In a natural disaster. flood hurricane or earthquake, this is a reliable tool. Gravity feed and ready to go. Where you go. Store one away for an Emergency.

This is the best one on the market using all the newest technology. Compare the contaminant removed list to the EPA National Drinking Water list of known Contaminants and the Berkey is a winner when it comes to removal rates. Requires No electricity – Does not have to be connected to your home plumbing system.

Filters 6000 gallons per set of 2 black Berkey filters = Costs only pennies per gallon. Ability to remove/reduce chlorine, fluoride, pathogens, VOCs, heavy metals, and more. See the complete list here. It comes in smaller units that are pretty powerful filters.

They also carry a sports bottle that has a shelf life of 50 years, the 22 OZ.  a bottle can be used over 600 times for filtering municipal drinking water or 160 times for outdoor source such as a stream or river.  The flow rate or time of exposure through the filter has been calculated to yield the greatest volume removal of toxic chemicals caused by pollution from industry and agriculture.

This exclusive filter element is impregnated with proprietary “absorbing” media that promotes IONIC “absorption” of pollutants within the micro-porous element, such as aluminum, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, mercury, and other dangerous heavy metals.

Pathogenic Bacteria SURROGATE>99.9999%

Exceeds purification standard (Log 6):
Raoultella terrigena
VIRUSES>99.999%
Exceeds purification standard (Log 4):
MS2 – Coliphage
Fr Coliphage
TRIHALOMETHANES – Removed to >99.8%
Below lab detectable limits:
Bromodichloromethane
Bromoform
Chloroform
Dibromochloromethane
INORGANIC MINERALS
Removed to below lab detectable limits:
Chlorine Residual (Total Residual Chlorine)
Chloramine
ALSO REMOVES OR REDUCES:
Rust, silt, sediment, foul tastes and odors

Heavy Metals
CONTAMINANT
Reduced Up To
Lead
>97.5%
Mercury
>98%
Aluminum
>75%
Cadmium
>99.5%
Chromium
>95%
Copper
>95%
Antimony
>97.5%
Barium
>80%
Cobalt
>95%
Chromium 6
>99.85%
Molybdenum
>90%
Nickel
>95%
Vanadium
>87.5%
Also Reduces
CONTAMINANT
Reduced Up To
Arsenic
>99%
MBAS
>96.67%
Nitrites
>95%
Selenium
>97.5%
Thallium
>99.5%
Fluoride
Black Berkey filters do not remove fluoride. Berkey makes a fluoride filter called the PF-2 that can be added on to the Black filters. For more information about the PF-2 fluoride filters, click here.
The Black Berkey purification element formulation has been tested by State & EPA accredited laboratories to exceed

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
Removed to below lab detectable limits
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane
1,1,1-Trichloroethane (TCA)
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane
1,1-Dichloroethane (1,1-DCA)
1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE)
1,1-Dichloropropene
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene
1,2,3-Trichloropropane
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)
1,2-Dibromoethane
1,2-Dichloro-1,1,2-trifluoroethane (CFC 123a)
1,2-Dichlorobenzene
1,2-Dichlorobenzene-d4
1,2-Dichloroethane
1,2-Dichloropropane
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
1,3-Dichlorobenzene
1,3-Dichloropropene
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
2,2-Dichloropropane
2,4,5-T
2,4,5-TP (Silvex)
2,4-D
2,4-DB
2-Butanone (MEK)
2-Chlorotoluene
2-Hexanone
2-Methyl-2-propanol
3,5-Dichlorobenzoic Acid
3-Hydroxycarbofuran
4-Bromofluorobenzene
4-Chlorotoluene
4-Isopropyltoluene
4-Methyl-2-pentanone
4-Nitrophenol
5-Hydroxydicamba
Acetone
Acifluorfen
Alachlor
Aldicarb
Aldicarb Sulfone
Aldicarb Sulfoxide
Aldrin
alpha-Chlorodane
Ametryn
Aroclor (1016, 1221, 1232, 1242, 1248, 1254, 1260)
Atraton
Atrazine
Baygon
Bentazon
Benzene
Bromacil
Bromoacetic Acid
Bromobenzene
Bromochloromethane
Bromodichloromethane
Bromomethane
Bromoform
Butachlor
Butylate
Carbaryl
Carbofuran
Carbon Tetrachloride
Carboxin
Chloramben
Chlordane
Chloroacetic Acid
Chlorobenzene
Chloroethane
Chloroform
Chloromethane
Chlorpropham
cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene
cis-Nonachlor
Cycloate
Dacthal Acid
Dalapon
Diazinona
Dibromoacetic Acid
Dibromochloropropane (DBCP)
Dibromomethane
Dicamba
Dichloroacetic Acid
Dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC 12)
Dichloromethane
Dichlorvos
Diclorprop
Dieldrin
Dinoseb
Diphenamid
Disulfoton
Disulfoton Sulfone
Disulfoton Sulfoxidea
Endrin
EPTC
Ethoprop
Ethylbenzene
Ethylene Dibromide (EDB)
Fenamiphos
Fenarimol
Fluorobenzene
Fluridone
gamma-Chlorodane
Glyphosate
Halo acidic Acids (HAA5)
Heptachlor
Heptachlor Epoxide
Hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorobutadiene (CCC)
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Hexazinone
Isopropylbenzene (Cumene)
Lindane (Gamma-BHC)
Merphos
Methiocarb
Methomyl
Methoxychlor
Methyl Paraoxon
Methyl tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE)
Metolachlor
Metribuzin
Mevinphos
MGK 264
Molinate
Monochlorobenzene
m-Xylenes
Naphthalene
Napropamide
n-Butylbenzene
Norflurazon
n-Propylbenzene
Oxamyl
o-Xylene
Pebulate
Pentachlorophenol
Picloram
Prometon
Prometryn
Pronamidea
Propazine
p-Xylenes
sec-Butylbenzene
Simazine
Simetryn
Stirofos
Styrene
Tebuthiuron
Terbacil
Terbufos
Terbutryn
tert-Butylbenzene
Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)
Tetrahydrofuran (THF)
Thiobencarb
Toluene
Toxaphene
trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene
trans-Nonachlor
Triademefon
Tribromoacetic Acid
Trichloroacetic Acid
Trichloroethene (TCE)
Trichloroethylene
Trichlorofluoromethane (CFC 11)
Tricyclazole
Vernolate
Vinyl Chloride

Best Emergency Water Filters

The portable water treatment business in coming of age with new and better technologies that surpass what was used and considered the Best last year but now takes a backs seat this year.

Personal portable water filters like the Straws that hikers use and the Filter Water Bottles are important to recognize because they are making strides and are reliable tools for the outdoorsman But are they good enough?

I picked these a few water filters because of their filtering capability, size, and the amount of drinking water they can process before a filter needs to be changed or cleaned. We use it every day because of the ease of operation. I have a small Microfilter called a Renogy Tactical stored with my camping and fishing gear.  If there is some kind of event or an Emergency I’m prepared. 

Distillers and Desalination water treatments are also another important phase and type of system that are practical in emergency situations especially on or near the sea. There are some on the market but few that can be used with the time constraint and simplicity as the products I listed here. The 3 Filters I listed Only Process Fresh Water. Distiller and Desalinators are other subjects for another day.

The most important feature I seen for the Katadyn Expedition KFT Water Filter System is a great and proven ceramic depth filter that has a long-lasting life of approximately 26,000 gallons before it needs to be replaced, and it can be cleaned multiple times before replacement. That’s a huge plus and its filter will stop known microorganisms and waterborne pathogens that are prevalent in polluted water sources. Pricey-yes but worth the price. 

The Survivor ProSurvivor Filter PRO 

This Portable Water Filter is a very small filter but really powerful with 3 stages of filtration.  It’s cleanable and at a filter size micron level of 0.01, this thing is the real deal. Don’t let the inexpensive price fool you. It can remove heavy metals and 99.99 % of the bacteria like crypto, Giardia, and E. Coli. Pathogens, Cysts all the nasties that are in the stream where we camp. Because of its small size, it can easily be packed away with the camping gear, where you can break it out if you need it. It also can be packed away in your luggage for trips overseas. The one drawback is you may need some pre-filtering if you are using exceptionally dirty water. Because of its size, It may clog during filtering but it’s made for backwashing which is a great option for a small filter with the huge job that it does. I like it for it’s the size. It’s very practical for the space that it doesn’t take up and the price is small too. 

Berkey Water System

The Big Berkey is a Gravity-Portable Water Filters it’s the best of both worlds. To me, the Berkey represents what everyone needs in an Emergency water filter.  You can Berkey Water Filters like the one I have in the feature picture of this article find it right here on Amazon.

A little too big but easily stored with camping gear or in a spot for your Emergency Disaster Kit. It cost pennies to treat any kind of Freshwater. I printed the Parameters for Drinking Water set by EPA  for you to see how good it is, and as you can see this filter does it all.

If you are interested in clean drinking water anytime for you and your family. If you are interested in Fluoride removal or if You are worried about heavy metals or bacteria that could end up in your family’s bodies, in whatever the situation.

Look at the testing and do the comparison. I keep mine up in the Kitchen and take it camping. It’s simply the best out there.

Do your research like I did weigh out what you think you need and how much you have to spend.

The new pollutants are invisible ones like prescription drugs and illegal drugs that are flushed back into the system and sourced back into the Drinking water. What could be in the river is something new than contaminants from years gone by.

The Environmentalist and  Water treatment plants don’t test for everything, that would be an enormous task, even if they could. If you think that you don’t have to worry about any emergencies that you’ll be safe, that “it won’t happen to me” think again. I went Through Superstorm Sandy in New Jersey in 2012.  We had no water for 2 weeks. When we finally got it everyone was warned not to drink it!  Be Prepared for what can happen even if it never does.

I would recommend these two Water Filter the Big Berkey for a go-to Water Filter today using the (RO) Technology and the Renogy Tactical Microfilters using the (UF) Ultrafiltration. If the Emergency is outside or inside the home.  Keep them as part of an Emergency Preparedness plan whether you use it or not.

 

Jim has over 30 years in Water/Wastewater & Water Filtration Treatment and as a Consultant and in Operations. He has written over 300 articles on the World Wide Water Problems & Solution-Water Scarcity and Global Warming. I was a Survivor of Hurricane Sandy in 2012 and I am the proud owner of the Best Water Filter in the World The Big Berkey Gravity Water Filtration System

JimGalloway

Editor & Author, MyWaterEarth&Sky

References: 

National Primary Drinking Water Regulations

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Report an environmental violation

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